Glossary of Water and Wastewater Terms

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5 random terms from our glossary

parasitic bacteria (pair-uh-SIT-tick)

Bacteria that normally live off another living organism, known as the host.

mesophilic bacteria (MESS-o-FILL-ick)

A group of bacteria that grow and thrive in a moderate temperature range between 68°F (20°C) and 113°F (45°C). The optimum temperature range for these bacteria in anaerobic digestion is 85°F (30°C) to 100°F (38°C).

electrolyte (ee-LECK-tro-lite)

A substance that dissociates (separates) into two or more ions when it is dissolved in water.

liquid vehicle

Water in a collection system that is used to carry waste solids. The standard toilet provides around seven gallons of water per flush as a vehicle to carry wastes through the pipe system.

toxicity (tox-IS-it-tee)

The relative degree of being poisonous or toxic. A condition that may exist in wastes and will inhibit or destroy the growth or function of certain organisms.